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Continental bulldog

Continental
Pickwick Quinja, female, import Switzerland. Kennel: Snug

THE STANDARD OF THE CONTINENTAL BULLDOG

Standard Nr. ……./ 19. 02. 2005

CONTINENTAL BULLDOG

This draft for a standard is basis and guidance for the judging of dogs emanating from the original project "Improvement of health aspects of the English Bulldog breed" It serves as goal for the further work in breeding and as starting point for the recognition of the new breed "Continental Bulldog" by the central committee of the Swiss Kennel Club and will undergo continuously further developments and improvements until the final recognition by the FCI.

Country of Origin: Switzerland

Date of Publication of the valid original standard:

Use: Companion, family dog

Classification FCI: Group 2 pinschers and schnauzers molossers – Swiss alpine dogs and other breeds

Section 2 molossers,

none-working dogs

Short historical summary

The European Convention for breeding and keeping home animals as well as the new Swiss laws for animal protection presently in preparation (in the draft Art. 9.2.) forbid "the production and keeping of animals with certain characteristics especially anomalies in build and behaviour….." Thus a number of dog breeds are under scrutiny.

Out of anxiety that due to these new legal regulations a very old domestic dog breed becomes distinct the central committee of the Swiss Kennel Club (SKG) decided in 2000 to agree to a breeding program for the improvement of the health situation of the English Bulldog and gave permission to the bulldog breeder, Imelda Angehrn, to cross English Bulldogs with Olde English Bulldogs and Victorian Bulldogs.

Goal of these experiments was to create a medium sized bulldog which meets all the requirements of a healthy dog as established by the animal protection laws.

The cross-breeds, however, showed very soon that the significant improvement of the health situation of the English Bulldog would lead to the creation of a new breed, a breed that would be very close to the original type of the Bulldog. In order to clearly distinguish the new breed from the English Bulldog, the name "Continental Bulldog" was chosen. The decisions and measures in connection with the creation of the new breed were made in accordance with FCI (representatives of the Standard and Scientific Commissions)

As soon as the requirements by FCI have been fulfilled, application to the FCI for recognition of the new breed shall be submitted.

General Appearance:

A smooth coated, medium-sized bulldog-type dog of athletic build. Despite his compact body, the Continental Bulldog is mobile and of staying power; his respiration even at full speed is noiseless. His height at shoulder shall be between 40 to 46 cm and his weight approx. 22 to 30 kg. Medium-size is to be strived for.

Dogs and bitches shall possess distinctive characteristics of their sex.

Important proportions

Height at shoulder : Depth of chest 2:1
Height at shoulder : Length of body 1:1,2
Height at shoulder : Length of height at shoulder up to base of tail 1:1
Depth of chest : Length of height at shoulder up to base of tail 1:2

These measurements and proportions are understood as guidelines, decisive factor is always the general impression of the dog, the bulldog-type must be preserved.

Characteristics and Temperament

Attentive, self-confident, friendly, neither aggressive nor timid.

HEAD

The circumference measured in front of the ears shall not surpass the height at shoulder by more than 10%. Viewed from front the head appears to be almost square with the zygomatic arch slightly bulging.

UPPER PART OF THE HEAD

The forehead is flat to slightly domed. The wrinkles are less distinct. From the stop a furrow appears broad but rather flat extending to the middle of the skull.

Stop: Distinctive but without deep indentation.

FACIAL SKULL:

Nose: Tip of nose broad with distinctive furrow in the middle. Nostrils big and wide open. Nose always completely black.

Muzzle: Broad, viewed from front almost square. Ridge of nose is straight, neither turned upwards nor downwards. In relation to the overall length of the head it is 1:3 (tolerance 1:4) Skin folds on both sides of the ridge of nose not too thick. The skin fold from the inner corner of the eye to the corner of the flews must not be distinctive. Lower jaw including chin is broad and angular. Neither tongue nor teeth may be visible when the muzzle is closed. Distinctive chin, in front not covered by the upper flews.

Flews: Flews shall be thick, well and preferably completely pigmented at the edge, hanging completely over lower jaws at sides.

Jaws/Teeth: Lower jaw projection 1-5 mm, tolerance up to 10 mm, upper and lower teeth must be in straight line and parallel. Teeth strong and well implanted in the jaw. There must be six well developed incisors placed in an even row between the widely set apart canines. The absence of both PM1 is permissible, M3 are disregarded.

Cheeks: Tight and well rounded, slightly domed.

Eyes: Round, quite in front of the head and wide apart, neither sunken nor bulging. Eyes and stop in the same straight line, at right angles to the furrow. If the dog looks directly forward, no white (sclera) may be visible. The iris is dark brown. They eyelids shall be tight and preferably fully pigmented.

Ears: Set high, small and thin; the front inner edge of each ear joining the outline of the skull at the top back corner of skull in a straight line. Either rose- or button ear are allowed.

Rose ear means folded inwards at the back side and laid back; the front part of the edge of ear falls out- and back-wards, the inside of the external ear is partly visible.

Button ear means the ear is tilting forward when the dog is attentive so that the tip of the ear is more or less in line with the outer corner of the eyes. When resting, the ear is placed closely at the sides of the head. All other ear forms are to be regarded as fault.

NECK:

Short and strong but not as short as to give the impression that the head sits directly on the shoulders. Well arched neck line. Slight skin folds in the area of the throat are permissible.

BODY:

The height at shoulder is slightly higher than the loins. The ratio of the total body length to the height at shoulder is 1,2:1

Topline: Back short and strong, preferably straight. Length of back measured from the neck base to the tail root corresponds to the height at shoulder.

Loins: Viewed from above they are only slightly narrower than the chest. Slight fall back of croup.

Chest: Depth of chest going down to the elbows and corresponds ideally at a ratio of ½ to the height at shoulder. Thorax is wide with ribs well arched and slightly rising backwards.

Underline: Belly moderately tucked up.

TAIL:

Set as deep as possible, strong; thick at the root and tapering off continuously. Thickly covered with hair but devoid of fringe.

Ideally it should extend to the hocks and be either straight or slightly curved. When resting it falls down, during movement raised but never carried above the back. Short and/or deformed tails must be regarded as fault.

LIMBS

FOREQUARTERS

Forelegs very stout and strong and straight if viewed from front.

Shoulders; Broad, sloping and well muscled. The shoulder blade shall be well attached to the thorax.

Upper arm: Well attached to the body and good angulation towards the shoulder blade.

Elbow: Solidly attached to the body.

Middle Foot: Short and strong, viewed from the side only slightly slanting.

Front Paw: Paws arched, compact with short nails. The paws may neither turn inwards nor outwards.

HINDQUARTERS

Hindlegs with strong bones and well muscled.

Knee: Well angulated, not turned outwards; viewed from back they are parallel.

Hocks: Well angulated, neither turning inwards, nor outwards.

Hind Paw: Strong, well arched, with short nails

TOE NAILS

Desirably dark

GAIT

Regular and fluid movement, good advancement of the forelegs, spacious thrust of the hindlegs. Absolutely undesired are ambling or shuffling.

SKIN

Soft and loose without wrinkles on body or legs.

COAT

Hair Structure: the top hair should be short, close, flat, smooth and glossy, not wiry. The underneath hair short, close and of fine texture. The absence of underneath hair is permissible.

Colour of Hair: All colours which go along with the dark nose are allowed. Whole colours, brindle or in combination with white, with or without black muzzle. A distinctive pattern of patches is not sought after. Brown and blue are not desired.

HEIGTH

Height at shoulder: Dogs 42-46 cm

Bitches 40-44 cm

Tolerance with both sexes higher and lower is plus/minus 2 cm.

FAULTS

Each deviation from the aforementioned points has to be regarded as a fault the valuation of which has to be in the exact ratio of the degree of the deviation.

Slight faults

Too low to ground
Circumference of head surpasses the height at shoulder by 10 to 20%
Not well developed teeth
Projection of underjaw 10 to 25 mM
Blue or birch eye
Uneven carriage of ears
Short or deformed tail
Not enough closed hair structure

Grave faults

Aggressive or timid
Respiratory noise when resting
Circumference of head surpasses the height at shoulder by more than 20%
Entropium/Ektropium
Skin folds overlapping line of layback
Nose roll too big
Missing incisors
Missing canines
Missing of P3/P4
Missing of M1/M2
Visible incisors or canines or tongue when mouth is closed
Prick-ear
Projection of underjaw more than 25 mm
No tail, screw tail or any other deformation of the tail
Size: Dogs >50 cm or <38 cm
Bitches >48 cm or <36 cm

N.B.

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

Dogs with distinctive physical abnormities or behavioural disturbances have to be disqualified.

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